What is CBN and What are the Benefits of this Cannabinoid?
Men and women the world over know about THC and CBD, although many know THC as pot, weed, or marijuana that people smoke to get high. However, cannabis plants produce many additional cannabinoids that aren’t as well known to individuals. CBN or cannabinol remains unfamiliar to many people, yet it continues to garner attention for a variety of reasons.
Cannabinol, also known as CBN, is simply a metabolite of THC. It is the product of THC breakdown due to the effects of aging or oxidation. The oxidation takes place when THC is exposed to the air. Unlike THC which is known for its high psychoactive effects, CBN is hailed for the fact that it has less high effects and it also comes with a plethora of medical benefits. It is mostly known for its effectiveness in inducing sleep and as such, it is highly preferred for treating cases of insomnia.
Each cannabinoid found in the plant affects the user differently, and they likewise provide different medicinal benefits. What is CBN and why do many people wish to learn more about its benefits?
What is CBN?
When THC ages, it creates CBN. What many don’t realize is scientists identified this cannabinoid before they found CBD and THC. In addition, THC converts to CBN when heated or exposed to oxygen. Furthermore, scientists pull CBN from THC extracted from the cannabis plant.
THC, in contrast, provides the psychoactive effects marijuana is known for. A psychoactive substance affects brain function and the user’s mental state. Although the effects are temporary, a person’s mood, perception, behavior, and consciousness change with use of this substance. It’s responsible for the high people associate with pot, weed, or marijuana. Marijuana strains vary in terms of their THC level, thus the psychoactive effects vary. Individuals today use THC to treat low appetite, glaucoma, pain, and nausea, along with many other conditions. Individuals need to ensure they understand the difference between these cannabinoids to get the relief they desire from the symptoms they experience.
CBN differs from CBD as well. CBD oil and other products made from this cannabinoid continue to dominate the news today, and individuals unfamiliar with products made from cannabis may confuse the two. CBD produces no psychoactive effects, and users don’t get a high. Rather, use of CBD products leaves a person feeling relaxed.
Researchers have yet to determine if CBN is psychoactive, as some studies show it isn’t while others suggest it has mild psychoactive effects. What they have determined is that CBN appears to be a powerful sedative. This leads some to believe it possesses psychoactive properties.
How CBN affects the body
Unlike THC, CBN does not bind itself to the cannabinoid receptors of the brain. Instead, it generates sedative effects, and these become even more powerful when combined with THC. The sedative nature of CBN is one of its most pronounced effects in the body and it is believed that it contributes to the drowsy and sleep inducing feelings associated with indica strains of marijuana because such strains tend to have higher concentration of the CBN.
Though it can be used as a sedative, it should be noted that CBN is not psychoactive in anyway. As such, it can make good medicine without necessarily making the patients get high. Other than being a sedative, the other benefits of CBN include but are not limited to:
- Pain relief
- Can be use for anti-bacterial purposes
- Can be used to stimulate appetite
Specific Benefits of CBN
Researchers continue finding novel ways CBN benefits humans. However, research continues in this area, as it does with medicinal uses for THC and CBD. Scientists understand this field is young and there is a lot they can learn about the many uses for these cannabinoids in modern medicine.
CBN appears to be a powerful antibacterial agent. Scientists studied its effects on antibiotic-resistant strains of MRSA and found it worked in combating the strains. In the future, humans might find CBN being used to fight off bacterial infections that don’t respond to conventional antibiotics in use today.
When it comes to promising therapeutic uses for CBN, using this cannabinoid to treat epilepsy appears to be the most promising right now. While CBN isn’t as strong as CBD and THC, individuals find they benefit from introducing CBN into their overall treatment plan.
Countless individuals across the globe suffer from rheumatoid arthritis, a chronic inflammatory disease. Many people believe this disease only affects the joints, but in some patients it damages other body systems, including the eyes, lungs, skin, and blood vessels. Researchers provided rodents with CBN to see if it reduced the arthritis and feel it could help those struggling with the symptoms of this condition.
Researchers found mice with experimental asthma saw a reduction in inflammation when they received CBN, and it also stopped the lungs from overproducing mucus. Patients suffering from respiratory allergies often find they get relief when using products made with the cannabinoid, so this is something to discuss with your doctor.
In a study involving rodents, researchers found CBN increased the food consumption of rats. This suggests patients suffering from conditions that lead to weight loss would benefit from introducing CBN into their treatment plan. Many individuals refuse products containing THC as they fear becoming intoxicated, and CBN offers an alternative without this well-known effect. They may find they can increase their appetite without getting high. Doctors might recommend CBN for patients suffering from aids and those undergoing cancer treatment to encourage them to eat.
In the 1980s, researchers looked at the hypothermic effect provided by CBN to treat burns on the human body. This cannabinoid appears to lower body temperature while providing a cooling effect. Use it topically to relieve pain in these individuals. Scientists believe the CBN activates the TRPV2 receptor, a cell site that activates when the skin is impacted by high temperatures.
Imagine being able to rid your body of cancer with the help of CBN. This may become a reality, as research shows CBN comes with cancer-fighting capabilities. Scientists continue to study CBN and other cannabinoids to determine their effect on cancer and whether the substances can slow or stop the growth and spread of this disease. In fact, researchers already found CBN and certain other cannabinoids reduce tumor size in a specific lung cancer, one of the deadliest forms of cancer today.
Patients suffering from glaucoma should speak with their doctor about CBN. Researchers provided rabbits with CBN to determine its effect on intraocular pressure, which serves as the greatest risk factor for this condition. Research remains in the early stages and scientists have yet to find it works better than medications currently used to treat this condition. However, testing continues, as they believe it may be beneficial to treat glaucoma. Many cannabis strains can hep with glaucoma when smoked or vaporized, but a few key ones to note are Chocolope, Jelly Bean, and Harlequin.
Neuroprotectants are substances “capable of preserving neuronal structure or function.” (1) Doctors often use them when a patient suffers a stroke, as the drug protects against or repairs the damage seen with this neurological event. Researchers believe CBN works in the same manner. In a study conducted using rodents, they used CBN to treat ALS and discovered it delays the onset of this debilitating condition. They must conduct human studies before they can say whether it works as well in humans, but they feel it could prove to be a beneficial tool in the fight against neurodegenerative conditions such as this.
Men and women in need of pain relief should consider trying CBN. Scientists studying this cannabinoid for pain relief found that it comes with analgesic or pain-relieving properties. They feel it provides this relief by influencing the activity of neurons sensitive to capsaicin. Many people have heard this term before, as it appears in many topical pain relievers and is also present in chili peppers. Capsaicin-sensitive nerves play a role in the body’s signaling and perception of pain. If you are a weed smoker looking for a good pain-relieving strain, try Auto Bubba Kush or Black Domina which are absolutely favorites among out existing customers.
Patients with overwhelming pain often find conventional treatments no longer meet their needs. CBN provides a solution for these individuals. Its use doesn’t affect the CB1 and CB2 receptors, so patients find they may be able to use it along with CBD which activates those receptors to provide a higher level of pain relief.
Just like with other components of marijuana, there are quite a number of studies involving CBN and it potential use in the development of various medicines. For instance, recent studies have suggested that that CBN can be effective in stimulating bone tissue growth.
This is possible due to ability to stimulate the indirect recruitment of mesenchymal stem cells obtained from the bone marrow of the neighboring bones. These stem cells are not only known to transform into blood cells, but also, they have the versatility to turn into tissues and bones. Due to this, CBN can potentially be of help towards the healing of fractures.
Healing of psoriasis
Other than the ability to generate bone tissues, another magnificent effect of CBN which is still under studies is its ability to reduce the overgrowth of skin cells. Though this may not sound important to many people, it could be of great help to patients suffering from psoriasis, where the skin degenerates four times faster than the normal.
With such a property, CBN can be helpful in regulating how the body produces the skin cells. Again, when applied as topical, the compound has shown tremendous results in the treatment of psoriasis. This is according to a study conducted in 2008.
Insomnia Isn’t a Benefit
Men and women who have tried CBN believe it helps treat insomnia. In fact, quite a few individuals refer to CBN as a super sedative, but researchers in the 1970s found this isn’t the case. Of those taking part in the study, none reported sleepiness as an effect of the CBN use. CBN comes from older cannabis, which also contains a large concentration of sedating terpenes. Researchers believe it is these terpenes that provide the sedating effect.
The researchers concluded CBN alone won’t make people sleepy. They believe the combination of THC and CBN provides the sedative effect many men and women associate with CBN alone. To test this theory, the research team provided participants with CBN independently, THC alone, and a combination of the two substances. THC alone produced drowsiness in the subjects, but the combination of THC and CBN produced a higher level of sleepiness. This led the researchers to conclude the synergistic effects of CBN and THC provide the sedative effects often attributed to CBN by itself.
Men and women want to know the means of using CBN. As with THC and CBD, individuals choose their preferred method of using CBN. Topical applications benefit those suffering from burns or skin conditions such as psoriasis, but some prefer vaping and that option remains available. Incorporate the CBN into a food or drink and consume it without knowing you are doing so, or benefit from the cannabinoid in concentrate form. Each person finds the method that best meets their needs as can be done with CBD and THC.
Use care when taking CBN. As it provides sedative effects, a person might find they feel groggy, dizzy, or confused. Don’t assume this means you can’t benefit from its use. Begin using it when you are home for the night, so you don’t have to worry about experiencing any problems. Use the CBN and head to bed, so you get the benefits overnight.
Certain manufacturers offer CBN supplements today, but they remain hard to find. However, research continues to learn how CBN affects the body and how it may be used to provide safe and effective treatments for a wide range of conditions. People should monitor research in this area, as they may find it helps to treat a condition they are dealing with today.
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