How to Grow Marijuana for Beginners
How to Grow Marijuana for Beginners
With cannabis legal in an increasing number of places, more beginners are starting to grow at home. Marijuana plants can be grown by anyone, but there is a lot you’ll want to learn before you try for the first time. This way, you’ll be able to make sure the plants grow as big as possible and that you’ll get a better yield. Read through this how to grow marijuana guide to learn more about everything you’ll need to know to grow a plant for the first time, then pick out the perfect seeds and start growing cannabis at home.
- Choosing Somewhere to Grow Marijuana Plants
- Using Grow Lights Indoors
- Picking out the Best Growing Medium
- What Nutrients to Add to Plants
- What to Consider when Growing Outdoors
- Choosing the Right Strain
- Germinating your Seeds
- Vegetative Stage
- Flowering Stage
- Harvesting Buds
- Drying and Curing
- Beginner Strains
- Common Mistakes to Avoid
Choosing Somewhere to Grow Marijuana Plants
The first part of this how to grow marijuana guide will be on where you should grow the plants themselves. The biggest question to ask yourself is whether you’d like to grow marijuana indoors or outdoors. You can learn how to grow marijuana in both places, depending on your preferences. There are pros and cons for both options to consider before you make a decision.
Growing inside offers more privacy, and you’ll be able to control the environment, leading to larger harvests. The downside can be that it does take more work, and it’s more expensive to get started. Costs can be minimized with the right choices, but you will have to purchase some supplies before starting.
Our how to grow marijuana guide reinforces the idea that growing outside is easy since you can simply place the seeds directly in the ground and let nature take care of the lighting and most of the watering. On the other hand, there can be pests, a risk of pollination, and a limit in the number of harvests possible throughout the year. When growing outside, make sure you start at the right time of year for the largest possible harvest.
For indoor and outdoor cultivation, learning what can go wrong and how to fix it is vital. Watch the plants carefully and make sure they have everything they need to get the highest yield possible.
Using Grow Lights Indoors
Though this basic how to grow marijuana guide won’t go into much detail, it is vital to understand the need for grow lights if you’re growing weed indoors. Indoor plants require light since they won’t get natural light like outdoor plants. More lights can lead to bigger flowers, and the right light cycle dictates how large the plant may grow.
In the vegetative stage, plants require more light to help them grow as big as possible. Some growers will have the lights on 24 hours a day during this stage, while others prefer 18 on and six off. A how to grow marijuana guide can’t dictate personal preferences but keeping the lights on longer can help the plants grow larger.
At the end of the vegetative stage, it’s important to switch the lights to 12 on and 12 off so the plant will move into the flowering stage. Autoflowering plants will do this automatically, but regular or feminized plants will not start flowering until the lights are adjusted.
There are a variety of bulbs to choose from, depending on budget and preference. This how to grow marijuana guide encourages CFLs, as they are the least expensive to start with, and easy to use. They use a lot of electricity over time, though, and that can add up, especially if you have a number of lights to cover multiple plants growing at once. LED lights can be more expensive to start with, but they’ll use less electricity over time. This how to grow marijuana guide does acknowledge that MPH or HPS lights are more expensive but provide the best lighting for marijuana plants. To start, though, you may want to pick out CFLs and then upgrade in the future if you desire.
Picking Out the Best Growing Medium
With a how to grow marijuana guide, it’s important to touch on the growing medium that should be used. Outdoors, the soil in a garden is often a good place to grow marijuana plants. It does have microscopic bugs in it, though, so it’s not a good idea to bring that soil indoors. Instead, there are plenty of options for indoor growing mediums. Bagged soil is a good option for beginners, but other options include coco coir, vermiculite, and perlite. Compost is another option, but it does take a while to create quality compost to use.
Of course, this how to grow marijuana guide also promotes soil-less options that are available as well, such as hydroponics, but it can be more costly to set up a basic system. It can also be more difficult to get everything right than just placing the seeds in the soil. Still, beginners who opt for this route can find it’s worth the money and effort as they’ll likely get a higher yield.
What Nutrients to Add to Plants
Nutrients will need to be added to make sure the marijuana plant is well fed. Though this how to grow marijuana guide has provided numerous options for growing mediums to use, they will all run out of nutrients at some point. Nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus are the nutrients to pay attention to for marijuana plants. These can be obtained in liquid or solid form, and there are plenty of options to adjust these in the growing medium, depending on what you’re using. The amount of nutrients needed can also vary based on the life stage of the plant at the time.
This how to grow marijuana guide also states how important it is to make sure the pH for the growing medium is correct. If the pH is not balanced, the plant could suffer and potentially die. The pH can change during the plant’s growth, as the depleted and added nutrients can impact it. This means it’s important to check the pH regularly and change it if necessary to get it back to balanced.
What to Consider When Growing Outdoors
Though a how to grow marijuana guide will often focus on indoor growth, growing outdoors can be a lot of fun and beneficial. When you’re growing outdoors, you can get started with a lot less money upfront and let nature do a lot of the work for you. Still, it is important to make sure you’re adding nutrients to the soil, checking that the plant gets sufficient lighting, and keeping an eye on everything else the plant needs.
This how to grow marijuana guide emphasizes that when growing outdoors, choose the right location for the plant based on the amount of light the yard receives. Marijuana plants require a significant amount of light, so it’s often a good idea to avoid shady areas. Also, pay attention to the time of year. When the days are shorter, the plant may go to the flowering stage faster than expected, leading to a smaller yield. If the days are longer, it may take a while before the plant switches to the flowering stage, leading to a much larger plant.
Choosing the Right Strain
What how to grow marijuana guide would be complete without covering how to choose the perfect strain to try? There are tons of options available today, so it’s a good idea to think about what you want to try and what works best for your situation. Marijuana seeds are split into three main strains: Sativa, Indica, and a hybrid option. Sativa offers a boost of energy, Indica offers a more relaxed feeling, and hybrid strains combine both sativa and indica for a unique feeling.
Read through the description of any strains you’re considering to make sure they will work for your situation. If you’re growing outdoors, you will want to find one that works well in your climate, as some may do better indoors. After narrowing it down, consider whether it’s a sativa, indica, or hybrid plant and what the flavor is to find something you’ll enjoy growing.
What to Buy? Seeds, Seedlings, and Small Plants
Though this how to grow marijuana guide focuses on starting from seeds, there are other options available, depending on where you live and what you prefer. If you’re just getting started, seedlings or small plants can be great since they’ve already been germinated. It’s also possible to purchase only female plants if you’re picking out small plants, so you don’t have to worry about pollination.
Seeds, however, are often the better choice, as there are numerous benefits to starting with seeds. There are many more strains to consider, and they can be purchased anywhere, even if there aren’t seedlings or small plants available in the area. Plus, seeds can be easily stored. You can purchase more than you need, then store any leftover seeds and have them on hand when you’re ready to start the next batch of plants. To store the seeds, place them in an airtight container in a cool, dark location.
Types of Seeds to Check Out
If this how to grow marijuana guide has convinced you to try seeds, the first step is to figure out which seeds to purchase. Along with choosing a strain, you’ll be able to pick out regular, feminized, or autoflowering seeds. There are significant differences between these to know about before picking one.
- Regular Cannabis Seeds. Regular seeds have not been treated so that they can produce both male and female cannabis plants. These are easy to grow, but the male plants will need to be disposed of to avoid pollination, so you’ll want to plant a few extra just in case.
- Feminized Marijuana Seeds. Feminized seeds come from a treated marijuana plant and will only grow to be female plants. You don’t have to worry about male plants growing, so you can plant exactly the number of plants you want to grow.
- Autoflowering Seeds. With autoflowering seeds, there’s no need to worry about switching the light cycle as these plants will start flowering when the plant reaches the right age. This could mean faster growth, which leads to a faster harvest time.
How to Grow Marijuana Guide: Germinating Your Seeds the Right Way
Once you’ve used this how to grow marijuana guide to pick out the perfect seeds, like Blue Dream Fem marijuana seeds, the next step is to germinate them. Germination can be done in many ways, but the paper towel method is often the best. This method leads to a higher chance of success because it keeps the seeds moist and warm, but not too wet or too hot, until they start to sprout.
For the paper towel method, soak the seeds for at least a few hours, then place them on a damp paper towel. Make sure the seeds are not touching each other, then place the paper towel inside a plastic bag or between two plates and keep in a warm area. They should start sprouting within a few days. Our how to grow marijuana guide suggests that once this happens, the seeds can carefully be transplanted to the growing medium you plan on using.
Cannabis Growth: Vegetative Stage
If you’re following along with this how to grow marijuana guide while you’re growing plants for the first time, the first stage you’ll come across is the vegetative stage. After the seeds sprout, the seedling will grow quickly and reach the vegetative stage. At this point, you’ll want to make sure the plant can grow as fast as possible. Keep an eye on the soil’s nutrients and pH levels and keep the plant between 70 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. During this stage, you’ll want to have the lights on as much as possible to encourage larger growth. Most cultivators will provide their plants with 18 to 24 hours of light a day during the vegetative stage.
Cannabis Growth: Flowering Stage
The next step in how to grow a marijuana plant is the flowering stage. As this how to grow marijuana guide has mentioned, autoflowering plants will reach this stage automatically. For all other marijuana plants, it’s necessary to switch the light cycle to encourage flower production. Regular and feminized plants can be kept in the vegetative stage longer if you’d like to make sure they grow as large as possible.
When you’re ready to switch to the flowering stage, change the light cycle to 12 hours on and 12 hours off. It’s imperative that the plants are in complete darkness for 12 hours so they can grow properly. At this time, it’s still important to keep an eye on the nutrients and pH level. The temperature can be adjusted down to between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
Harvesting the Buds
This how to grow marijuana guide wouldn’t be complete without going over how to harvest the buds. It’s important to determine the right time for harvesting marijuana, as you don’t want to do this too soon or too late. How do you know if it’s the right time? The best way to tell is to look at the small hairs growing on your plants. If at least two-thirds of the tiny white hairs have become darker, it’s a good idea to harvest. At this point, the buds are high in THC and are ready to be dried and cured. If you’d like a more intense high when consuming cannabis, it is okay to wait a little longer to harvest, but be careful not to wait too long.
Our how to grow marijuana guide notes that the best way to harvest is with a pair of scissors. Simply cut off the flower from the plant, then get them ready for drying and curing. The plant will only flower once, so it can be discarded once you have harvested all of the marijuana buds.
Drying and Curing the Cannabis
The next part of this how to grow marijuana guide covers how to dry and cure the marijuana so you’ll be able to consume it. This process does take some time to do, but the results will be homegrown weed that’s perfect for consumption. Drying and curing are two different steps, and both need to be done to make sure the marijuana is ready.
Drying can be done by hanging the buds upside down in a dark, cool place. Excess moisture can make it take longer to dry, so ventilation is needed wherever the cannabis will be dried. It is important to make sure the buds do not start growing mold, as they will need to be disposed of if any mold does start to grow.
After the buds have dried, they can be placed in a glass jar together. Make sure there is a little bit of space in the top of the jar, then store this in a cool and dark spot. Our how to grow marijuana guide suggests that at least once per day, open the jar and release any moisture that has accumulated. After around two weeks, you should be able to start opening the jar only once per week to release the moisture. Two weeks is the minimum time to cure the marijuana in jars. However, it is recommended to leave them to cure for at least a month.
Check Out Strains for Beginners
This how to grow marijuana guide has covered everything you need to know to get started. If you haven’t picked out seeds yet, it’s a good idea to check out some of the easiest strains to grow. As a beginner, you may want to stick with strains that are known for being beginner-friendly. However, don’t forget to look into ones that have a faster harvest, that are better for your setup, or that offer a better yield. If you are growing outdoors, look for one that’s going to work well with your climate. With the right setup and knowledge, it’s possible to grow any marijuana seeds.
Avoid These Common Mistakes
It happens all too often that beginners make mistakes that could lead to the plant’s death, a lower yield, or cannabis that just isn’t as expected. Even though you’ve read through this how to grow marijuana guide and have a better idea of what you need to do to be successful, it’s important to be aware of common mistakes. Make sure you avoid these mistakes when you’re starting to grow for the first time.
- Too Much or Too Little Nutrients. If there aren’t enough nutrients, the plant won’t grow to its full potential. If there are too many, it could cause nutrient burn, which can kill the plant.
- The Wrong pH. If the pH is not correct, the plant may not produce many buds or could die.
- The Wrong Amount of Water. If there’s too much water, the plant could drown, or mold could start to grow. If there’s too little water, the plant can’t grow.
- Failing to Adjust Lights. It should be noted that in this how to grow marijuana guide, the plant won’t start to flower. However, this will only happen if the lights aren’t adjusted.
- Not Enough or Too Much Light. If there’s too much light during the flowering stage, the plant can’t rest and focus on growing flowers. If there’s too little light during the vegetative stage, the plant won’t grow as large as it could.
- The Wrong Seeds. Be sure to pick out the right type of seeds for what you want to grow. You won’t want to buy feminized seeds if you’re planning on trying to breed a new strain.
- The Wrong Growing Medium. Pick out a growing medium that works well for you and your budget. Some growing mediums, like hydroponics, can be more complex to set up, so there’s a higher risk for beginners.
After reading this how to grow marijuana guide, you should have a better idea of what to do to grow a plant and get an excellent harvest. While there are many options to consider, growing marijuana can be as simple as putting a few seeds in the soil and making sure they have what they need to grow. When you are ready to buy seeds, it’s imperative you choose ones that are the highest quality, so they’ll germinate properly and help lead to a higher yield.
As the sponsor for this how to grow marijuana guide, we offer a huge selection of the highest quality seeds. This will help you pick out the ones you want based on the strain and type. As soon as they arrive, you’ll be able to germinate the seeds and start growing your first plant. Take some time to gather any supplies you need now. After, check out our selection to find the perfect seeds for your first try at marijuana cultivation.