Getting Started with Indoor Marijuana Grow Systems
When a person decides to grow cannabis, the indoor marijuana grow room is where all the action happens. This includes the germination of seeds, the early growing stages, vegetation, flowering stages, and more. Any potential issues a grower will experience, and the solutions to these problems are discussed here. Whether the harvest fails or succeeds is dependent on the construction and layout of the grow room.
When first setting up a grow room, there are several factors to consider. Some may be ones that a person has never even thought about before.
While this is true, the aspects of grow rooms that are most important are found here. This means a grower can use this guide to learn about the best way to set up and organize their own indoor grow house regardless of how much space they have.
The Grow Room
Before doing anything else in the process of growing or cultivating marijuana, be sure to have a plan. Plenty of space is a must and gathering all the supplies is also necessary. Some of these must-have items include water, nutrients, ventilation, lights, and more. Remember, installing a grow room is a significant investment. This includes an investment of time, money, and labor. This is a situation where growers want to follow the advice “measure twice, cut once.”
The grow room size is dependent on the amount of marijuana being grown and the available space. It’s also dependent on the cannabis a grower plans to cultivate. For example, sativa weed seeds like purple haze fem get very tall and can easily exteed six feet if not pruned in the early vegging cycle. Autoflowering seeds, and bushier indica strains like auto blueberry fem or g13 autoflower seeds don’t tend to get much taller than three or four feet, allowing growers to get away with a much smaller grow tent.
If a person doesn’t want to build an entire grow room, there are so-called “plug and play” options that come with everything required.
Many medical patients have an average use that equates to one or two grams a day. For personal use, this means one or two ounces a month. Put simply, this means harvesting every two months or so because there are approximately 60 days in a flowering period. If someone needs two ounces a month, they must harvest twice the amount mentioned above.
The Grow Room Location
There are several reasons the location of the grow room matters. The first consideration is privacy. Most people want to ensure they are growing in a private space. It’s also essential to have an area that can be controlled. It doesn’t make sense to try to grow cannabis inside if it’s impossible to control the environment. There are some tips to use to help with location planning.
Select a sensible location that is also out of sight. A good option is a cellar because it is underground. The earth is thermally stable, and it takes more time to heat up or cool down than the rooms above ground. In the summer, the cellar will be reasonably cool, and it will eliminate the possibility of frost during the winter.
For those who live in an apartment, it’s a good idea to keep the cannabis discreet. As a result, it isn’t a good idea to select a location near the entrance; instead, put it somewhere in the back. Consider using an unused room, a cupboard, or even a specially designed wall unit as the growing location. Try to avoid a room with a larger, south-facing window, especially on an upper floor. This can result in problems with heat control.
Something that is even more important is that the grow room should be fit for the type of cannabis seeds for sale that a person is planning to grow.
The Necessary Grow Equipment
If a grower is using electrical products, it’s necessary to meet all local safety requirements and regulations. Be sure the proper amount of power being used is adjusted to a range the connection can support. Don’t use many shorter cables connected to create a single line; instead use a single, long, direct cable. This reduces the likelihood of an electrical breakdown.
It’s a good idea to ensure that the grow room has access to both electricity and water. If it is possible to set it up in that manner, it will make it much easier to handle.
Don’t underestimate the importance of water. It’s crucial to the life of a cannabis plant. It is necessary to water the cannabis plants daily to keep them alive and healthy. A grower will find themselves wasting a lot of time trying to water the plants in a grow room if there isn’t a source of water nearby.
It’s also necessary to ensure the grow house is ventilated correctly. Usually, it’s enough to use an air duct, window, or chimney for ventilating the room, but the key is to ensure there is plenty of airflow. This is particularly true if no other ventilation system is being used. Use ventilation pipes for bringing in the fresh air and take out used air if the chimneys or windows are too far from the grow room.
Remember, it takes time for air to move. If the fresh air has a long way to travel to get to the grow room, fans will be necessary to help with air circulation.
Be sure the grow house is clean. Clean it regularly to keep it neat and tidy. Begin with the floor and then work up to the walls and ceiling. Once the space is cleaned, put the plants back in their proper position.
Having a concrete or asphalt floor is smart for indoor growing because it eliminates hiding spots for small bugs or insects, and it is easy to clean. If a tiled floor isn’t possible, then add a thick plastic layer. If carbon dioxide is being used, make sure to isolate the grow area to prevent any leaks.
Once all these factors have been considered, and a grower has developed a plan, they can get started.
There are several methods to use to set up a grow room. Before choosing an option, figure out the location requirements. For example, when growing l49 seeds inside, plenty of light is a must. If there isn’t enough light, the plants won’t grow.
If a grower has minimal space, the smallest area a person can get away with growing a plant in is a cupboard. According to studies, a space of just 6.5 by 1.6 by 3.2 feet is large enough to grow medical cannabis for one person. Because of this small size, a cupboard is ideal for proper marijuana cultivation, and it’s easy to keep out of sight. It’s also possible to put a 250-watt HPS light inside of it.
A Wall Cabinet
Another grow room for smaller spaces is in a wall unit or in a concealed storage space. The lighting needs will vary based on the size of the cabinet being used.
Remember, there needs to be room to move and work in the grow cabinet that is used.
A Grow Tent
The grow tent is a popular and smart solution and one that many people find beneficial. This grow tent is a rectangular, lightproof tent where containers can be put for the cannabis plants. Usually, drain and flood systems or a drip irrigation system will be used in the tent.
These tents are black on the exterior and completely light proof. They feature reflective material on the interior to use light more efficiently. A grow tent will let a grower customize the environment of the ghost triangle or blue ice strain marijuana plants, including the location, humidity, light intensity, and temperature. A tent is also washable, durable, portable, waterproof, and lightproof. They are available in an array of sizes, so they can suit the space that any grower has for this project.
Full Room Setup
There are many benefits offered by a full-sized room for growing cannabis. One benefit of this is that fans can be used for refreshing the air. They will also be connected with outside air if there is a window present. It’s also possible to connect these rooms with outside air by way of a window. Also, if it is possible to build the room in a cellar, the earth will keep the temperatures stable. This means fewer fans are necessary to keep the growing area cool.
However, the attic isn’t a good option for the grow area because it has all the opposite characteristics of the cellar. The temperature in an attic is unstable, and it will be very hot or very cold depending on the weather outside. The same is true for a wall unit or room that faces the south, especially if there are big windows or if the growing area is on an upper floor. If this is the case, the plants may become overheated in the summer.
When designing the grow room, it’s essential to make sure the area is properly insulated and covered so it remains dark during dark times. It’s necessary to have complete control over the light getting to the plants because, if this isn’t possible, then untimely and sudden flowering may occur.
Building an Indoor Grow Room
Make sure all walls in the grow room are covered with something that will reflect light. Usually, this is either white paint or white plastic. The best material to use for this is Mylar.
Secure the lights for the grow room. This can be done with a ring, pulley, or hook. Be sure the electric portions are properly and securely connected and safe from potential damage.
The next step is the installation of air circulation devices. This could be an outlet fan, intake fan, or ventilator. Be sure to avoid long air channels that include curves, as they are going to have a negative impact on the aeration capacity. If possible, keep the pipe short and as straight as possible so the air will move efficiently.
It’s also a good idea to install other devices during this initial building phase. Some examples of other items to include are a thermometer or hygrometer. Set up the substrate, which is the bottom growing layer, and figure out if the plants will be grown in soil or a hydroponic system. Many growers opt for hydroponics today because this growing system isn’t as susceptible to bacteria, like soil, which makes it a smart option in many cases.
Cleaning the Grow Room or Grow Area
It’s essential to keep a grow room, tent, cabinet, or any grow area clean. If a grower fails to do this, they are putting their plants at risk to develop a disease, mold, or fungus. If a disease occurs, it may spiral out of control rather quickly in the humid and warm environment that has been created. Also, make sure no dust or mold accumulates in any corner or on the actual plants.
Make sure to keep animals far away from the plants. While this may not sound difficult, cats are curious, and dogs often look for trouble. If they get around the plants, they could ruin the entire crop. Along with causing damage, pets may carry bacteria and bugs that have the potential to ruin the harvest.
Before and after a new growing cycle, make sure to disinfect the space. Clean the entire location using a safe cleaning agent just to ensure a person isn’t dealing with any latent bacteria or parasites in a future crop.
Cleaning up the area also means removing any waste created by the plants themselves. Some foliage will inevitably become yellow and die. Make sure these are removed immediately. If there are issues with fungal or mold growth, the crop may have to be abandoned altogether.
The Bottom Line
Understanding the various marijuana grow systems will help a new grower decide the type of system they want to use. It also provides them insight regarding how to get started and sets them up for success. If you plan to grow with a grow room, be sure to consider these options while formulating your plan.
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