What is Indica
Delving into the Amazing Details of Indica
With so much attention revolving around cannabis these days, a number of people are gaining interest in adding this age-old herb to their medicinal or recreational regimens. Ongoing research is unearthing an ever-growing list of potential benefits of doing so. Of course, each strain of marijuana has its own distinct set of effects. This means understanding the different strains is the key to using them to your fullest advantage.
Indica marijuana is those cannabis strains originally from countries like India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and some parts of Near East and Eastern Europe. Most of the pure indica genetics have strong roots in the Himalayan region and there were introduced to the western countries by the hippies who made trips between the regions back in the 60’s and 70’s. Through the course of this article we will discover some of the common traits and other factors that many indica strains have in common.
Physical Traits of the Indica plant
To begin our discussion, all indica marijuana strains are known to exhibit the following basic characteristics:
- they are short and compact plants, normally doesn’t grow beyond six feet
- the distance between one node and another, the intermodal is also usually very short
- the leaves are thick with broad leaflets
- they have a short flowering period, usually between 45 – 65 days
Looking at the Basics
You probably already know there are three primary strains of cannabis: Indica, Sativa, and Ruderalis. Ruderalis isn’t one of the strains most people purposely seek out because it’s less potent than its cousins. Indica and Sativa are the popular options, and several types of each one are available. Indica has amassed quite a sizable following for several reasons.
It’s also important to point out that hybrids are now a classification all their own. Scientists and growers blend Indicas and Sativas to create new varieties of marijuana that offer various benefits of both. Ruderalis makes a prominent appearance here as well. It has a shorter and much different flowering cycle than Sativa and Indica, so breeders introduce it into the hybridization process to generate faster-growing strains.
The Fundamentals of Indica
Certain traits make Indica the increasingly sought-after marijuana strain it has now become. While its brief flowering cycle and relatively small stature make it the perfect option for growers in cooler areas and those who cultivate their crops indoors, those are only a few of its strong suits. Indica generally produces ample buds. It’s also a common choice for people looking for relief from many medical conditions.
The effects of indica marijuana
Indica strains are sedative in nature. Due to this, they are ideal for treating medical symptoms such as muscle spasms and tremors, insomnia, chronic pain, and anxiety. Additionally, they are highly recommended for night use as they can really slow you down during the day. For instance, the use of these strains is highly discouraged if the nature of your activity requires deep concentration such as operating heavy machinery or driving.
Indica’s CBD and THC Levels
All types of cannabis contain a broad range of compounds. Many of these are cannabinoids. In fact, more than 100 distinct cannabinoids have been identified so far. Scientists don’t yet understand most of them, but the two major players are CBD and THC. Different strains of marijuana have varying levels of these two compounds, so they produce diverse effects.
For the most part, Sativas have high levels of THC and low concentrations of CBD. On the other hand, Indica can sometimes possess equal balance of CBD and THC. Some Indicas have higher levels of CBD than others. With the continually growing number of hybrids in the mix, though, the lines are becoming more blurred. If it is simply the psychedelic aspect you are interested in, check out our highest THC seeds available at i49.net.
Other Compounds in Indica
Though Indica can be rich in CBD, THC, and other cannabinoids, those aren’t the only compounds present in its potent buds. Terpenes are also prominent features. These are the compounds that give each strain its signature scent. Since taste and scent are so closely intertwined, terpenes can also have an impact on the flavors. Terpenes likewise help determine the effects each strain generates.
Numerous terpenes dictate the flavor and aroma profiles, as well as the perceived mental effects of each Indica-dominant strain. They vary based on the specific variety in question. Still, certain ones are common in Indicas.
- Myrcene: Myrcene is found in almost all types of cannabis, but not every strain has the same amount of this terpene. Indicas usually have higher myrcene levels than Sativas, which is why they often have a sedative effect.
- Ocimene: Ocimene is another common terpene in marijuana. Though its accompanying compounds aid in determining which scents and flavors it produces, it generally gives Indica strains a sweet, citrusy, woody, or herbaceous profile. Studies indicate this terpene may play a role in reducing inflammation.
- Pinene: Also an anti-inflammatory agent, pinene is one of the more prominent terpenes in certain Indica-dominant strains. It produces a pine-like scent and gives some of the more basic cannabis varieties their well-known odor.
- Limonene: Although limonene is often associated with Sativa strains, it’s also prominent in many Indica-dominant hybrids. This terpene is thought to help treat anxiety and depression. It has a citrusy scent.
- Caryophyllene: Caryophyllene is associated with THC more so than CBD because it helps contribute to a euphoric effect. It also aids in relieving pain and inflammation. Caryophyllene has a woody aroma, and it’s found in cinnamon, rosemary, and basil along with cannabis.
- Linalool: Linalool has a floral, spicy scent, and it’s a sedative in line with the standard Indica profile. It can reduce stress, anxiety, and insomnia among other issues. It’s also used in anti-seizure medications and as a pain reliever.
These are only a few of the terpenes you might find in Indicas and Indica-dominant hybrids. Several others are bound to be part of the recipe depending on the other strains involved in the breeding process. These compounds produce effects of their own while enhancing the influences of CBD, THC, and other cannabinoids.
Explaining the Effects of Indica
Explaining the effects of Indicas is an intricate process. Experts once banked on the notion that Indicas were sedative while Sativas were energizing. In time, the medical and scientific worlds as well as the entire cannabis community decided this was mainly just a tentative generalization.
It’s true that many Indica-dominants have a relaxing, stress-melting effect. That being said, each strain’s specific influence depends on several factors. These include the THC-to-CBD ratio, the strains bred together during hybridization, and the terpenes present in the overall profile to name a few. In many cases, even the conditions of the growing environment will alter the strain’s impacts.
In general, you can expect a certain amount of relaxation and relief from anxiety and insomnia with Indica. Since quite a few strains in this category have all the right compounds in place to reduce inflammation, they may also be effective for treating pain, asthma, IBD, arthritis, and many other inflammatory conditions.
Because Indicas contain varying levels of THC, the psychoactive element in marijuana, they’ll also induce the high numerous people are looking for. It’s not quite the same as the sensation you’d get from a Sativa-dominant strain with high concentrations of THC and little to no CBD. Most people say it’s an enjoyable experience nonetheless.
Many people choose Indica-dominant strains for recreational purposes because they contain both THC and CBD. Though THC is responsible for the high, it can also have strong, unpleasant effects for some people. Irrational fear and paranoia are a couple of the more infamous. Some simply want a less intense high than Sativa-dominant strains produce. CBD is known to help balance the effects of THC and decrease the chances of having a negative experience with marijuana, so Indicas provide a nice compromise.
Growing Indica at Home
We’ve already touched upon the somewhat short, stocky build of Indica and hybrids created with indica dominance. It’s one of the reasons so many people veer toward Indicas when they’re growing indoors or have limited space for an outdoor garden. Several other traits make this strain a good choice for at-home grows, but it’s important to understand the specific needs of Indica before getting started.
Unlike Sativa strains, which thrive best in tropical climates, Indicas tend to flourish in cooler environments. Before the days of globalization and hybridization, they naturally grew in mountainous regions. Since those high-altitude areas have shorter growing seasons, Indicas evolved to meet the challenge.
Indica’s broad leaves give it maximum surface area for drawing in as much sunlight as possible during the day. In turn, this allows it to grow more quickly than Sativa. Its flowers mature into ripe buds in less time as well. Pure Indicas and Indica-dominant varieties can reach the harvest-ready stage in as little as three or four months.
Light, Heat, and Humidity
People who grow their cannabis indoors need to mimic Indica’s natural growing environment. This means controlling the light and temperatures carefully. Compact fluorescent bulbs produce less heat than high-pressure sodium and metal halide lamps, so they can be placed closer to the plants without fear of overheating. On the other hand, HID lights must be placed farther away. Full-spectrum LEDs are the grow lights of choice for a number of people because of their versatility, but placement is crucial for them as well.
Indicas don’t need extremely balmy conditions to grow healthy and strong. Temperatures ranging from around 70 to 75 degrees generally serve them well during the vegetative state. Since Indica is naturally accustomed to cooler temperatures at night, you might want to make sure the temperatures in your grow room drop to around 60 or 65 degrees when you turn off the lights for the night.
Humidity is an essential element for all types of cannabis, but it can be a problem for Indica. Because of its compact foliage and dense buds, high humidity levels increase the likelihood of mold growth. Try to keep humidity in the room at about 50 percent during the vegetative state and 30 to 45 percent in the flowering phase. Be sure to provide ample ventilation to help mitigate excess humidity and moisture.
Enjoy All the Benefits of Indica
Keep in mind, the effects we’ve mentioned are common for Indica strains. Several variables factor into the equation because of all the hybrids entering the mix, so not all types of Indica have the same impact. Be sure to read the flavor and aroma profiles and effects of each Indica and Indica-dominant hybrid available to you before deciding which ones you want to grow.
Indica generally combines the advantages of THC and CBD, making it a popular alternative for recreational and medicinal users alike. Strains in this category also tend to be hardy and easy to grow because they’re inherently accustomed to harsh growing conditions. At the same time, they mature quickly and usually produce ample buds, so you can look forward to a maximum harvest in minimal time.
Popular strains of cannabis indica
The following are some of the popular strains of cannabis indica:
The northern lights strain has been a favorite strain for growers all over the world. It’s exact genetic history remains unclear, but it is believed that it is a hybrid of 11 different varieties which are all indica-dominant. Some of its most pronounced characteristics include a smooth and distinct flavor with a couch-lock high.
Purple Kush is a hard-hitting favorite strain for millions of growers around the globe and it is one of the most powerful strains of indica marijuana you will ever come across. It is a hybrid between Purple Afghani and Hindu Kush, 100% indica strain. It is known for its deep sedation and pain relief features.
Granddaddy Purple is a cross between Big Bud and Purple Urkle. It has fat and lush green buds and the nugs are full of the delicious purple color. Also referred to as “Granddaddy Purps” or simply “GDP”, this strain has very full-bodied effects and an infamous flavor that will leave you wanting more.
Ice Wreck is another highly potent indica breed boasting of 27.7% THC levels. With it comes a full body stone and it is the strain to go for if you have nothing else to do and all you desire is laze around for hours. If cultivated well, the plant can yield up to 450 grams per plant at maturity.
This is a cross between Afghan and Northern lights and its THC content stands between 15- 20%. The buds are full of flavor and the high performs like a creeper strain, meaning that it builds slowly until you are completely horizontal on the couch with an empty bag of chips by your feet.
Also known as fruity-licious, the Blue Mystic strain is a breed between the Northern Lights and Blueberry. It is not only sweet and fruity, but also it is stony and has always been a top choice indica for many indica variety lovers since no other can match the incredible flavor and long-lasting cerebral high.