Next to THC, cannabidiol (CBD) is the second most abundant chemical compound in cannabis. Though THC is known to create psychoactive effects, CBD has no intoxicant properties. Since 2018’s Hemp Farming Act was passed, CBD has enjoyed a more relaxed legal status.
CBD research is ongoing, and scientists have found more than 60 molecular pathways via which it works. Cannabidiol binds to receptors in the human endocannabinoid system, and it’s believed to have strong anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and anti-anxiety properties. With its medical benefits and the abundance of information on cannabis cultivation, it’s no surprise that growers and patients across the country are attempting to grow high-CBD strains. Here, you’ll learn about the differences between the cultivation of high-CBD and high-THC cannabis.
With the passing of the Hemp Farming Act, hemp was made legal across the United States. How does hemp differ from cannabis? There’s only one difference: THC content. It’s possible to have two cannabis strains that look alike, but if one has more than 0.3% THC, the government would consider it marijuana, not hemp.
Industrial hemp includes the cannabis plant and its derivatives, whether they’re used for seed, fiber, or other industrial purposes. As said before, THC concentration is the distinguishing factor between marijuana and industrial hemp.
Cannabidiol’s list of medicinal benefits is expanding quickly, but additional research is required to understand the range and efficacy of these benefits. CBD is often used to help with conditions such as:
CBD first became well-known as a treatment for a debilitating epileptic condition known as Dravet Syndrome. Sufferers often experience hundreds of seizures per day, and the conditioning may become life-threatening with time. Current treatments have mixed results, but CBD shows great promise under the microscope.
Whether you’re growing a high-THC or a high-CBD strain, there’s no way to force your plants to produce CBD in excess of their genetic limits. During the reproductive process, cannabis grown from seeds may express a range of phenotypes (unless it’s a clone). Simply put, offspring from a single plant may have radically different features. If you’re trying to grow high-CBD plants from a seed strain with an elevated CBD content, your chances of success aren’t 100%.
Apart from using clones of high-CBD plants, another option is to learn about phenotypes that may develop from certain strains. It’s frustrating and expensive to invest weeks into a crop with high CBD potential, only to find that the plants are THC-dominant.
The testing requirements for high-CBD and high-THC strains are similar. If you’re growing high-CBD plants from seed, be sure to lab-test your seeds to ensure your product is aligned with your goals. Industry experts suggest performing these tests three to four weeks after the seeds sprout. With this step, it’s possible to separate high-CBD plants from those with more THC.
Perform the test by taking a few top nodes from the plant. Be sure they’re dry before taking them to the lab. During this process, the lab will identify CBD-dominant plants and you can take cuttings from them. However, if lab testing is a challenge, you’ll have to wait until the plants mature and flower.
Though it’s impossible to force plants to produce more cannabidiol than their genetics allow, it’s simple to encourage them to produce as much as possible. There are specific growing conditions linked to high-CBD and high-THC plants. If growers select seeds with desirable genetics, they should be planted about five centimeters down into warm soil.
The growing environment may affect the CBD content of cannabis. For instance, outdoor plants exposed to substantial amounts of precipitation may have a lower CBD content. However, if the plants are grown indoors, the grow room’s temperature should be kept between 68 – 70°F. To ensure CBD dominance, these plants should be watered carefully.
Most growers who focus on high-CBD strains do so for medical reasons. Before proceeding with a cannabis cultivation effort, please refer to your state’s laws as growing is still disallowed in some states with medicinal cannabis laws. Though your power bill may increase, the additional expense is offset by the money saved with fewer dispensary visits.
The amount of CBD a plant produces may vary according to lighting, genotype, phenotype, and other factors. For simplicity’s sake, it’s best to assume that you’ll get a gram of consumable cannabis for every watt of lighting. For instance, the usage of a 400W lamp will yield 400 grams or 14 ounces of cannabis.
Here are three popular high-CBD cannabis strains:
The most important step in growing high-CBD strains is to find those that are likely to produce CBD in equal (or greater) quantities as THC. Once you’ve found a strain with the right genetics, growing from clones rather than seed will eliminate future guesswork and frustration.
After selecting clones, grow them in a high-temperature room and water them carefully. In the end, those efforts will provide high-quality, high-CBD medicinal cannabis at a fraction of the cost of the products you’d find in a dispensary.
For those who want to grow their own high-CBD cannabis, the first step is to choose a high-CBD strain. Many of the most popular strains contain much more THC than CBD, so choose wisely and follow these tips.
When it comes to cannabis cultivation, different growers have different goals. Some people grow cannabis for medicinal purposes, while others cultivate it for recreational use. For growers on both sides, high THC production is a common goal. Here are a few reasons that some growers prefer high-THC strains.
However, not all growers want high THC levels. For example, many medicinal cannabis users actively seek other cannabinoids such as CBD, which helps with seizures and anxiety. Unfortunately, it’s impossible to maximize CBD content without beginning with a high-CBD cannabis seed.
In this section, we will discuss the factors affecting THC levels and cannabis potency.
Though the methods by which high-CBD and high-THC seeds are grown are largely the same, the results of these growth efforts are vastly different. By choosing the right seed strain, growers are more likely to achieve the desired result. Start at i49 for a massive selection of cannabis seeds.