Growing marijuana plants can be fun, and it enables you to make sure the marijuana is the best quality as well as the right strain for what you want. However, most people jump right in with multiple marijuana plants, and while this is certainly doable it may be better to start off with a single plant, especially if this is the first time growing. This offers plenty of benefits for you, doesn’t need to be difficult to do, and will allow you to see if you enjoy the growing process.
There are plenty of different reasons to grow a single plant instead growing multiple. It’s easier to take care of a single plant compared to multiple ones, and a single plant doesn’t need as much space to grow (approximately 2 – 4 square feet). This means it can be less expensive to get everything up and running. If you decide you don’t like growing marijuana on your own, you won’t have to worry about having wasted a great deal of money. If you aren’t sure you’ll like growing marijuana, start with a single plant to see what it takes and how much fun it can be. Simply add more plants later if you decide you do like the process of growing marijuana at home.
The first thing that needs to be done is ordering seeds. When you’re only growing a single plant, you’ll want to make sure you choose the strain carefully. There are Sativa, Indica, and hybrid strains available depending on the taste, the type of high, whether it’s for medical purposes, and more. Other key aspects to look for include the amount of marijuana that you can get from one plant, the amount of THC or CBD in the plant, and even what the flowers will look like.
Then, you’ll want to choose the type of seed. Regular seeds can grow into male or female plants, so there’s a chance you’ll need to scrap your plant and start over if it turns out to be a male plant unless pollen-collection is your thing. To avoid dealing with an unwanted male, purchase feminized seeds. There are also automatic-flowering cannabis plants, which are generally easier for beginners because they automatically start flowering independent of changes to their light/dark schedule.
Even if you have fantastic soil outside, it’s going to be better to purchase high-quality soil for the marijuana plant. High-quality soil is free from pests or viruses that could impact the plant’s growth, and high-quality soil is going to have added nutrients to ensure the plant has everything it needs to develop well. Look for soil that include coco substrate, peat, or sphagnum as these are lighter, which means oxygen can easily get to the plant’s roots. There are recipes online that can allow you to create your own soil mix, and there’s also the option of purchasing store-bought soil as it’s easily accessible and one bag goes a long way.
Starting out with high-quality soil means you won’t have to add nutrients right at the beginning. However, as the plant grows, it will use up the nutrients in the soil, and you will need to add more. There are a number of options available, including organic compost or store-bought fertilizers. Before using any fertilizer, learn how to tell what the marijuana plant actually needs and how much to add. It’s better to err on not adding enough to the plant, as adding too many nutrients to the soil can cause nutrient burn, which can severely damage or kill the marijuana plant.
Before the seeds arrive, start setting up the area where the plant will grow. One of the most important aspects to consider is the amount of light it receives. In the beginning stages of growth, the plant will require a significant amount of light to grow. During the flowering stage, it should receive 12 hours of light and 12 hours of complete darkness.
There are many different lights that can be purchased, such as full-spectrum LEDs. It’s best to find lighting engineered for growing plants to they offer red, blue, and/or purple light. However, that doesn’t mean you need to spend a lot on a huge light setup. With a single plant, stick with a smaller setup. If there’s room in the budget, get a timer for the lamp to ensure the light is on the appropriate number of hours for the plant’s current stage.
Growing a marijuana plant inside means it doesn’t really matter what time of the year it is since you can mimic the appropriate temperature, light, and air-quality for the plant. However, it is a good idea to pay attention to the temperature and humidity in the room to ensure they are set to what’s best for the plant. In most cases, you’ll want the temperature to remain between 68° and 78°F. The temperature should be lower at night, as it is outdoors. Then, check to ensure there is not too much humidity in the room. If the relative humidity (RH) exceeds 70%, you may want to use a dehumidifier to lower the RH to 40 – 50%.
Depending on where you decide to grow the plant, ventilation can be a concern. Without proper ventilation, the leaves can start to die, and the plant can suffer from issues like mold. If you’re going to place the plant in a closet to control the lighting, temperature, and more, make sure the closet is well ventilated. This can be done easily by adding a fan. As the plant reaches the flowering stage, keep a close eye on the ventilation to ensure the marijuana is getting enough fresh air. At this point, the lack of ventilation can start causing serious issues, which could lead to a much lower harvest, if you are able to get consumable marijuana from the plant.
When germinating marijuana seeds, you’ll want to use distilled water. Since you’re growing a single plant, you don’t need to worry about having access to gallons and gallons. However, you’re going to want to make sure the water is as clean as possible. Depending on your location, it may not be a good idea to use tap water. Instead, it may be beneficial to let the water sit before using it for the plant or to purchase inexpensive but higher quality water for the plants.
When it comes to water, make sure you aren’t watering the plant too much. Too much water can actually drown the plant. Too little, and the plant will end up dying from lack of water. Check the plant before adding any water to make sure water is actually needed. As you get used to growing marijuana, especially once you’ve grown a couple of plants, you’ll have a better idea of how much water to use and how frequently the plant needs water.
After everything is set up and your seeds have arrived, it’s time to germinate one of them. There are several unique methods, but a popular one is the paper towel method. This is actually perfect for a single plant, is easy to do, and doesn’t require anything special. Simply moisten a paper towel so it’s slightly damp, but not soaking wet. Place the seed on it, and place both the paper towel and the seed in an open plastic bag or between two paper plates. Let it sit for a few days until a half-inch taproot emerges. Be careful to avoid using too much water, as that could cause the seed to mold instead of germinate.
Once a little bit of green can be seen sticking out from the seed, it’s time to plant. The marijuana plant should be handled very delicately at this stage to avoid damaging it. Place the plant in the soil you plan on using and leave the green sticking out. Cover it with a very light layer of soil and set it under an appropriately programed lighting schedule.
It’s possible you’ll want to start with a smaller container. Even if you start with a larger one, you might find that the plant outgrows it. When this happens, it’s important to transplant the marijuana plant carefully to ensure it doesn’t become rootbound or damaged. Pull it out of the small container carefully, leaving the roots intact, then carefully transplant it into a larger container. Be sure to add soil and backfill the container to completely fill the new space.
Once your seed has germinated it will slowly enter the vegetative stage. This is when the plant grows taller, wider, and starts growing more branches as well as its leaves. If you’ve planted regular seeds, it will be during this stage that you’ll be able to tell if the plant is male or female. This stage should be at least 30 days long, though it may be possible to let it go a little bit longer, as the larger the plant gets, the more buds it will have.
During the vegetative stage, make sure the lights are on for 18 hours per day. Pruning may be necessary to help the plant direct its growth toward the main branches but avoid pruning too much as the large fanleaves are needed to supply the plant sufficient sunlight and CO2. At this point, using the right amount and type of fertilizer can also help the plant grow faster, ensuring it gets larger before the next stage.
The last stage is the flowering stage. To transition to this stage, presuming you’re not growing auto-flowering plants, simply change the amount of light the plant receives down to 12 hours of light and 12 hours of total darkness. Make sure the room dark, as any light can disrupt the flowering process. During this stage, avoid messing with the plant too much. After about 8 to 10 weeks, the marijuana plant should be full of flowers, and you can begin harvesting the buds.
Harvesting is done by simply cutting the flowers off the plant. However, the marijuana is not ready for use yet. It needs to be cured first, which is done by hanging the buds upside down until they are almost completely dry. Make sure the area where they’re hung is cool and dry to prevent the growth of mold or other issues. Once this is done, they can be placed inside glass jars, with a little bit of extra room, and left there for at least a month. It is important to open the jar often to release any moisture from the jars so the buds continue to dry out. After they are fully dried, you can start using the marijuana you’ve grown.
Growing marijuana can be a lot of fun, just like growing any other plant, and can enable you to access marijuana that is grown by you and for you, including potency and medicinal value. As we’ve explored, it’s clear you don’t need to start off with an expensive setup and multiple plants to produce cannabis. Instead, use the tips in this article to start growing your first solitary plant. Once you’ve tried your own cannabis, you’ll likely want to try it again. To begin your cannabis seed collection, visit i49 USA today.