Location is everything when it comes to the success or failure of outdoor grows. Climate encompasses everything from light duration and intensity to seasonal changes, so growers need to spend some time researching the local growing conditions before placing an order with a reputable seed bank in USA. Read on to find a regional guide to growing cannabis that will help you make sure your i49 marijuana seeds will be able to thrive and provide you with good results.
The area west of the Cascades has a wet, cloudy climate, which makes outdoor cultivation a challenge. This climate makes marijuana plants especially susceptible to problems like bud rot and powdery mildew. Growers need to ensure that they use well-draining soil and keep an eye out for mold. Water quality isn’t usually a problem in the Northwest, though, and it’s easy to ensure that plants get enough water to grow healthy and strong.
Growers living east of the Cascades have a sunnier, drier climate, but they have different issues to deal with. The soil is often more degraded, which means it will require amending before the crop can be planted, and early first frosts mean the growing season can be short.
The Southwest has a dry, hot climate. The primary issues facing growers in this region are excessive heat during the summer, when daytime highs can climb above 100 degrees Fahrenheit, and insufficient water. The soil in this area may not be ideal for growing, either, which means it must be supplemented heavily for outdoor grows.
The American Midwest has a variable climate. Summers tend to be hot and can feature heavy rainfall, leaving plants prone to mold growth. The growing season can also be short, which means growers will need to choose the fastest flowering strains available to them or strains that can handle temperature fluctuations.
The soil in the Midwest is often heavily degraded, especially in areas that have been farmed for centuries, and active mining practices in the area may lead to water quality issues. Test the soil and water pH and make changes appropriately before planting a marijuana garden or feeding and watering the plants.
The Northeast has a good climate for growing marijuana, despite its comparatively short season and humid summers. The soils tend to be rich and healthy, and fresh, clean water is typically abundant. Just choose plants that flower early to accommodate the early first-frost dates.
The Southeast has a hot, humid climate, so growers will have a long season. In m any cases, they’ll also have access to rich, healthy soil that requires few amendments. Choose plants that can handle high temperatures and take advantage of the long growing season.
Not all strains are created equal when it comes to climate fitness, so it’s important for growers to buy weed seeds that are right for their unique environments. Buying high-quality seeds from strains perfectly suited to the area’s unique climate is the best way to get any grow started off on the right foot.
Marijuana plants that grow well in hot climates have a few things in common. They usually have smaller leaves, grow taller, and produce tons of buds. Sativa varieties are thought to have originated in tropical climates like those found in Mexico, Columbia, and Thailand. These tall, slender plants with thin leaves usually thrive in hot weather. Try i49 sativa landrace strains like purple thai seeds or Mexican Haze to get a sense of what we are speaking of first hand.
Sativa plants often require longer growing seasons than indicas and hybrids. For outdoor growers in the southern United States and other warm areas with late first-frost dates and early last-frost dates, that’s no problem. Both regular, feminized seeds and autoflowers are perfect for warm climates, and most strains, including sativas, indicas, and hybrids, will thrive.
Growers in the Southeast and Southwest will find that sativas and sativa-dominant hybrids are better able to withstand the summer heat. Most sativas grow to huge heights and produce prolific yields, so leave plenty of space in the garden to accommodate these monsters. Here are a few types known to do well in hot climates to get novice growers started:
Not all growers are lucky enough to live in places where full sun and warm, mild temperatures are the norm for most of the year. That doesn’t mean they can’t still produce impressive yields. They just have to be more careful about choosing seed stock and choose varieties that have been proven to thrive in cooler climates with shorter growing seasons.
Indicas tend to fare better than sativas when light intensity and duration are less than ideal thanks to their large, broad leaves, but there are plenty of hybrids that do well in cold climates, as well. In fact, thanks to their strong genetics, many of today’s most popular hybrids are hardier than their single-strain predecessors.
Those who live in places like northern New England, where summers are short and cool and frosts can be difficult to predict, may also want to give auto-flowering seeds a shot. Thankfully, almost all of today’s most popular strains are available as auto-flowers. Here are a few to try:
Like all plants, marijuana plants need access to plenty of water to grow and thrive. Each strain’s water requirements are a little different, though, which means growers who live in dry climates don’t always have to spend a small fortune irrigating their plants. Instead, they can choose drought-tolerant varieties that will produce a heavy yield without as much water. Here are a few strains that growers in the Southwest might want to try:
Growing outdoors in a wet climate poses more challenges than novice growers might think. When most strains of marijuana are exposed to high humidity or frequent precipitation, they develop issues with bud rot and powdery mildew. Thankfully, some strains are more resistant to moisture-related diseases than others.
Growers in the Southeast and Pacific Northwest will be doing themselves a huge favor by choosing strains that are better able to deal with high humidity, frequent rain, and the problems that come along with them. Buying the right seeds isn’t a replacement for ensuring proper soil drainage, but it can save growers a lot of headaches. Here are a few popular mold-resistant strains to try:
Growers who live in places that have exceptionally short growing seasons can extend them in a few ways. To avoid damage from late frosts, they can start their plants inside, put up cold frames, or install a hoop house. Starting plants inside requires transplanting them to the soil, so avoid transplant shock by moving the dirt from the original pots along with the plants, disturbing the roost as little as possible, and ensuring that the newly transplanted plants get plenty of water.
Starting plants inside will give growers a good head start, but it won’t help them at the end of the season. Installing a hoop house is the best way to go when it comes to accommodating early first-frost dates. It’s much more affordable than installing a full greenhouse and doesn’t require as much attention to climate control.
Building a hoop house also comes with the added advantage of allowing outdoor growers some extra control over light duration. If they know the season will be coming to an end early, they can black-box their plants by placing opaque fabric over the frame for 12 hours per day. This tricks the plants into thinking that it’s time to start producing buds earlier in the vegetative stage. It can reduce yields, but that’s a worthwhile trade-off for growers who would otherwise risk losing their entire crops to early frosts.
The best tool for dealing with dry climates is a good irrigation system. Ensuring that plants get adequate water at the right time of day will help to stave off heat stress, which can reduce yields, induce hermaphroditism, and even kill plants if the temperatures get high enough. Both drip irrigation and soaker hoses are good options, but make sure to set them up on timers. That way, growers won’t have to worry about what will happen to their plants if they have to leave the property for a few days.
For growers dealing with excessive moisture and poorly draining soil, container planting is the way to go. A seven-gallon pot should be large enough to accommodate most plants. It’s much more affordable to buy soil if growers plant container gardens, and pots designed for growing large plants and trees come equipped with drainage holes to ensure that the soil doesn’t become waterlogged.
Marijuana can be grown outdoors almost everywhere. Some growers have it easier than others, but as long as they do some research into the local climate, prepare the site by amending soil as needed and ensuring water quality, and purchase strains with genetics tailored to their unique environments, outdoor growers can take down hefty crops almost anywhere. Check out our fine selection of clearance seeds today for your next year’s crop!