There are five states in the officially recognized Pacific region of the United States: California, Oregon, Washington, Alaska, and Hawaii. All these states except for Alaska are generally considered liberal or “blue” states, so it should come as no surprise that this region was one of the first to begin legalizing medical and recreational marijuana.
Today, all but Hawaii have legalized recreational marijuana use and even Hawaii has an extensive medical marijuana program. The laws regarding marijuana possession, consumption, and cultivation still vary substantially by state, however.
California has been at the forefront of efforts to legalize cannabis use, although until recently, the state fell behind some of its neighbors when it came to recreational use. It became the first state to legalize medical marijuana in 1996 but did not legalize recreational marijuana until 2016. Since California voters’ approval of the Adult Use of Marijuana Act, all adults over the age of 21 have been able to use, purchase, and cultivate marijuana across the state.
Adults can have up to 28.5 grams of plant material and up to eight grams of concentrated marijuana products at once. They can also grow up to six plants for personal use. Medical patients are allowed under state law to cultivate as much marijuana as they need to meet their personal needs, although some communities place additional restrictions on both recreational and medical home grows.
Oregon legalized medical marijuana in 1997. The state was also the first to decriminalize possession of marijuana. In 2014, Measure 91 made recreational use legal in Oregon after over two decades of failed initiatives.
Currently, recreational users over the age of 21 can buy and possess up to one ounce of cannabis flowers or concentrates, up to 16 ounces of edible cannabis products, and up to 72 fluid ounces of liquid cannabis products. Recreation users who want to grow their own cannabis plants can have up to four plants and up to ten seeds, as well. Cannabis plants must be cultivated on private property away from public view.
Washington state was among the first to legalize recreational marijuana in 2012. Adults over the age of 21 can purchase and possess up to one ounce of marijuana flowers, up to 16 ounces of solid edibles, up to 72 ounces of liquid marijuana-infused products, and up to 7 grams of concentrates.
Unlike California and Oregon, Washington has not made provisions to allow consumers to grow their own cannabis plants. Marijuana and marijuana products can only be purchased from a state-licensed facility. However, adults can still buy marijuana seeds online as “adult novelty goods.” While it would be illegal to cultivate the seeds, buying and possessing them is legal.
Recreational marijuana has been legal in Alaska since 2014. Adults over 21 can buy and use up to one ounce of marijuana and can grow up to six plants, provided no more than three of them are mature.
Cultivating cannabis in Alaska can be a challenge due to the state’s northerly latitude and its short growing season. Some home growers cultivate indoors, while others choose short-season varieties or auto-flowering seeds.
Although Hawaii has had a medical marijuana program in place since 2000, recreational use remains illegal. On January 11, 2020, the state did decriminalize possession of a small amount of marijuana, eliminating penalties for possession of up to three grams and replacing them with a fine of $130 or less.
Medical marijuana card holders and their caregivers can legally possess up to four ounces of marijuana and can cultivate up to ten plants. Medical marijuana patients visiting from other states can also purchase medical cannabis from Hawaii dispensaries, although they are not allowed to grow marijuana.
With the exception of Alaska, the Pacific United States offers an ideal climate for cannabis cultivation. It has a long growing season, warm weather, and most areas have plenty of water, so it’s possible to grow most varieties of cannabis.
Regardless of what strain growers are trying to cultivate, they should be sure to purchase their seeds from a reputable seed bank like i49.net. Online seed banks offer the widest variety of strains and seed types and most seeds come in feminized varieties, making it easier for home growers to wind up with a usable crop.
The Alaskan climate is very different from that of the rest of the Pacific US. The season is short, the temperatures remain relatively low year-round, and it’s important to purchase seeds that will be able to thrive even in those harsh conditions.
Auto-flowering seeds are the best way to go, since they don’t need a full growing season to produce usable flowers. Alaska growers who purchase regular seeds often choose short-season varieties and germinate them indoors to get a jump on production. Try the following varieties for outdoor grows:
Hawaii growers have the opposite problem. The weather stays warm year-round, creating a perfect environment for lush vegetation. High humidity levels also create a perfect environment for mold, though, so it’s important to grow in a controlled environment. Many medical card holders and caregivers grow indoor varieties such as:
Marijuana consumers love the Pacific USA for its comparatively lax laws on buying, using, and cultivating marijuana. Home growers of recreational marijuana should avoid states like Hawaii where recreational use has only been decriminalized, not legalized, and Washington, where consumers are not allowed to grow marijuana at home even for personal use. Regardless of where they live, growers should be sure to purchase high-quality seeds from a reputable seed bank like i49 USA and choose plants that will be a good fit for their unique climates.