Cannabis Seeds in Vermont: A Buyer’s Guide

Vermont began the process of legalizing recreational marijuana in 2017 when the state’s House approved a bill that allowed consumers to possess, use, and cultivate cannabis for personal use. In 2018, the House passed a second bill to clarify Vermont cannabis users’ rights. It indicated that adults over 21 years of age were allowed to possess up to an ounce of cannabis and cultivate up to two mature plants and four plants in veg.

Are Cannabis Seeds Legal in Vermont?

Unlike some states that have legalized recreational cannabis, Vermont has yet to implement a tax-and-regulate plan, so it is still illegal to buy or sell cannabis and cannabis products. Medical marijuana users have been allowed to own and plant cannabis seeds since 2004 when Vermont became the ninth state to legalize medical marijuana use. At the time, only patients suffering from certain serious medical conditions such as cancer, MS, AIDS/HIV, Parkinson’s disease, Crohn’s disease, or seizure disorders or their caretakers were allowed to grow marijuana.

Today, all adults over 21 can buy and plant cannabis seeds. Plants must be kept in a location inaccessible to the public or anyone under the age of 21 and the harvested marijuana must be kept secure. Since Vermont’s decision to legalize recreational marijuana use and cannabis growing, more people than ever have been experimenting to see if they have a green thumb. They can read on to find a comprehensive introduction to marijuana seeds and home growing to get some help.

Where to Buy Seeds

Most Vermont home-growers purchase their seeds online. It’s important to buy from a reputable company that has been around for long enough to develop a reputation for itself. Try to get access to a wide variety of seeds or get in touch with one of their representatives for help with deciding which strain to buy.

The seeds will arrive in a discreet package, so buyers don’t have to worry about security concerns or what their neighbors will think. Growing good marijuana requires a little expertise, though, so read up in advance while waiting for them to arrive.

How to Germinate Cannabis Seeds in Vermont

Most growers germinate their seeds indoors, whether they plan to grow the plants inside or outside in a secured greenhouse. The germination process starts with submerging the seeds in distilled water. Make sure they’re completely covered, then leave them there for 14-18 hours.

Before removing the seeds, prepare a space for processing them. This can be accomplished by simply folding a dye-free paper towel and placing it on a plate. Once they’re ready to go, pour the seeds with their water onto the paper towel.

Keep the seeds moist and leave them folded in the paper towel for two to seven days, checking periodically to see if a taproot has begun to form. Leave the seeds in place and continue misting them with water until the taproots are around ¾” long. They’re now ready to be planted.

Identifying Male and Female Plants

Growers need to learn how to determine whether plants are male or female. They won’t be able to tell from the seeds or seedlings. Instead, they’ll have to wait until the plant enters the pre-flowering stage.

During this stage, a small bud will appear between the plant’s main stock and its fledgling branches if the plant is female. Female plants also grow small white pistol hairs around the new buds. These hairs eventually turn orange or red.

Male plants don’t grow flower buds. Instead, they grow pollen sacks between their main stocks and flooding branches. They’re tulip-shaped and lack the pistol hairs found on female plants, making it easy to tell the difference.

Growers should check their plants daily during the pre-flowering stage. Remove any male plants immediately. Failing to do so will allow the female plants to pollinate, leading them to produce seeds instead of flower buds and ruining the crop.

Feminized Cannabis Seeds

Don’t want to deal with sorting through plants and thinning an already small crop? The best solution is to buy feminized cannabis plants. Feminization is accomplished via a process known as Rodelization, which involves spraying the mother plant with a solution that makes the seeds resistant to growing into hermaphrodite plants.

Growers who purchase feminized seeds should still check their plants daily during the pre-flowering stage, but they shouldn’t find any male plants. Anyone who wants to produce his or her own seed stock will need to sacrifice at least one crop of marijuana by leaving male plants to remain in the growing area, allowing female plants to become pollinated and go to seed. Keep in mind that the new seeds won’t produce the exact same strain, though, and that it’s typically better for novice growers to stick with growing from reliable, purchased seed stocks.

Choosing Seeds

A discussion of every strain of marijuana available in Vermont is well beyond the scope of this article and finding the right strain requires a little trial and error on the part of growers. There are a few things all novice growers should know, though.

Marijuana plants are classified as either Sativa strains or Indica strains. The former tends to confer extra energy and bouts of creativity, while the latter is better for producing a mellow high that helps consumers relax and fall asleep.

Hybrid strains that combine Sativa and Indica traits are more versatile. Since they have a different genetic makeup, they can also be easier to grow. Most experienced growers recommend starting with one or more hybrid plants, then experimenting to decide which will grow best in Vermont’s climate and provide the right results.

The Bottom Line

Cultivating cannabis can be a challenge for those without green thumbs, but a little research and preparation goes a long way. Take the time to learn about what options are available, follow the advice of others in the area with more experience, and make sure to buy seeds from a reputable supplier to maximize chances of success. Those who are ready to give growing their own marijuana a shot can place a seed order online today to get started.